Western Mound – C/1

This designation represents the western mound of Area C. Two building complexes are indicated by plan and appear to be separated by a laneway. Overall the complex draws a parallel to the complexes of Area B. The large multi-roomed structure (C/1/1) in the south of this location was chosen for excavation. It measures 12m x 22m and is similar to the houses of Area A. The purpose of the building is not clear, yet it may be identified as a domestic unit. The rooms within this unit do not appear to have been vaulted and it is likely that the building was single-storeyed due to the discovery of a relatively small amount of collapse in them.

Dating evidence for the activity in this locality was provided by the discovery of 19 ostraka of the mid-3rd century CE. The majority of the ostraka relate to one person and concern tax receipts which bear more or less precise dates of Galli (252-253 CE) and Valeriani (between 252 and 260 CE). Regnal dates are also indicated by the documentary material for the years 269 to 271 CE. In conjunction with this, some vessels from the ceramic assemblage were found to resemble wares datable to the mid-late 3rd century. Parallel examples of items discovered in the C/2 excavations were also noted to be present in deposits associated with early occupation phases of C/1/1, giving credence to contemporary activity in this area.

Publications

An extensive list of publications relating to Ismant el-Kharab is available for consultation.

Western Mound — C/1

A general view of the surface area covered by the desert and ceramic sherds, looking towards Area B (top horizon).
A general view of the surface area covered by the desert and ceramic sherds, looking towards Area B (top horizon).
View of the entranceway and excavated area in front of it, showing an earlier wall.
View of the entranceway and excavated area in front of it, showing an earlier wall.
Another view of the entranceway, showing a surface bordered by a line of bricks and earlier wall.
Another view of the entranceway, showing a surface bordered by a line of bricks and earlier wall.
A general view of the excavation work centering on the C/1/1 structure in progress.
View of excavation work centering on C/1/1 structure in progress.
A detail view of an oven and storage bin in Room 3, looking south.
A detail view of an oven and storage bin in Room 3, looking south.
A overall view of Room 3, looking south.
A overall view of Room 3, looking south.
A detail view of an oven and storage bin in Room 3, looking northeast.
A detail view of an oven and storage bin in Room 3, looking northeast.
A general view of the surface area covered by the desert and ceramic sherds, looking towards Area B (top horizon).
A general view of the surface area covered by the desert and ceramic sherds, looking towards Area B (top horizon).
One of the outer rooms during excavation, showing deposits above the floor level.
One of the outer rooms during excavation, showing deposits above the floor level.
A view of Room 1 showing mud brick structures upon the upper flooring level of the room, looking north.
A view of Room 1 showing mud brick structures upon the upper flooring level of the room, looking north.