Radicalisation in all forms is a serious problem in all countries throughout the world. Australia is no exception. There has been in urgent need for a cohesive, structured and consistent approach across federal and state jurisdictions from prevention to intervention. However, at the time that the Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Unit of Attorney General’s Department commissioned this project, there was then no validated or standardised template available.
Striving to address this gap, the Global Terrorism Research Centre (GTReC), housed at Faculty of Arts, developed The Radicalisation Indicators Model (TRIM). The model is unique, as it is the first evidence-based radicalisation indicators model developed from rare interviews with former terrorists and extremists, as well as extremely hard-to-get court documents, including the transcripts of listening devices and telephone intercepts used in terrorism-related trials. Moreover, acknowledging that radicalisation is not confined to one ideological tendency or community, the model addresses indicators of radicalisation in various ideological/religious contexts: left-wing revolutionary extremism and terrorism, ethno-nationalist terrorism, right-wing extremism and neojihadism. Finally, numerous police jurisdictions and community organisations within Australia field-tested TRIM and the research team refined it based on stakeholder feedback and suggestions before they delivered it to the Attorney General’s Department.
The CVE Unit of the Attorney General’s Department received a validated radicalisation indicators model. After GTReC delivered this outcome, the Department made it more widely available to police jurisdictions throughout the country. In addition, GTReC assisted in the production of several radicalisation oriented documents, fact sheets and a report published on its web page for the Australian public to consult.
Funder Countering Violent Extremism Unit, Attorney General’s Department
Date of Award 2013