Fluid security in the Asia Pacific
At a time of global and regional insecurity fuelled by economic and terrorism concerns, this project provides a rigorous evidence base for the Asia Pacific to better manage mobility in a more inclusive way.
This directly fits with understanding our region and the world by providing an evidence base for better understanding of how and why people move throughout the Asia Pacific and their impact and experiences of security.
The conditions of globalization present a considerable challenge to orthodox conceptions of migration and migration control.
In what is often characterised as a “world in motion” (Aas 2007), migrants increasingly operate in trans-national networks of political, social and economic association where loyalties to one nation are ‘conditional’ and unlikely to be as firm as they may have been in previous generations when people migrated for life (Sassen, 2006).
Today, speed and ease of travel, globalised opportunities for work and education, and transnational family networks, as well as an increase in the number of ‘fragile’ or ‘failed’ states mean that cycles of migration, and of return and re-migration are more complex and unpredictable than in previous eras of large-scale migration.
New conceptual tools based on regions, networks and fluidity are being adopted by sociologists to describe these emerging social forms which are constituted through mobility (Urry 2007).
These trends are mirrored by fluidity in legal status, so that non-citizens may move back and forth between legality and illegality within a host state (Schuster 2005).